Assignment 16832

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QUESTION 1
If you were adopting a qualitative frame of enquiry you woulda.use an inductive approach that would view social reality as an external, objective realityb.emphasize quantification in the collection and analysis of datac.use a deductive approach that would view social reality as a constantly shifting subjective creationd.investigate experiences of people, their underlying reasons, opinions and motivations
1 points
QUESTION 2
Which data collection method is often used in phenomenological research?a.measurementsb.interviewsc.experimentsd.questionnaires
1 points
QUESTION 3
Research methods provide:a.methodology for conducting researchb.research question and aimsc.operational steps for collecting datad.all of the above
1 points
QUESTION 4
The reason for undertaking Health Research is to :a.improve the situation of human beingsb.explore relationships and patterns using reasonc.address the issues and problems of the human conditiond.all of the above
1 points
QUESTION 5
Research methodology describes:a.an enquiry questionb.a research approachc.methods for data collection and analysisd.a theoretical framework
1 points
QUESTION 6
Deductive reasoning involves:a “bottom up” approach that involves starting from a particular view and generalising from this to other circumstancesa pragmatic approach that removes the bias from research methodsa “top down” approach that involves starting from particular views or principles a combination of “top down” and “bottom up” approaches to generate knowledge
1 points
QUESTION 7
Research does not happen by chance. The approach taken to plan, resource, and implement an investigation will be dependent on:what has gone before, what has still to be done, and what is convenientthe context, the focus of the enquiry, gaps in current knowledge, and the questions asked.a lack of confidence in current knowledge, current research, and current practicegaps in theory knowledge, gaps in practice knowledge, and what the researcher has an interest in
1 points
QUESTION 8
Which of the following illustrates the use of the inductive method?a.Theory, observation, generalisationb.Hypothesis, observation, generalisationc.Observation, pattern finding, generalisationd.Theory, hypothesis, observation
1 points
QUESTION 9
Engaging in research often means challenging how things have always been done. A classical example of this was provided by Ignaz Semmelweiss in 1780. His research changed practice in what way?Prophylactic antibiotics for women in labour would prevent the transmission of syphilis to a fetus.Spreading tea leaves on the floor of tuberculosis wards and having these swept and replaced daily prevented the spread of tuberculosis.Opening windows in hospital wards at night would dispel the miasma (evil smelling air) that caused ill-health.Handwashing by hospital staff could dramatically increase survival rates of patients.
1 points
QUESTION 10
Research methodology provides the research:a.methodsb.question(s)c.frameworkd.aimsQUESTION 5.2
In an ethical research project involving people, there must be:Payment for participation.Clear understanding of the research project by the participants and voluntary participation.A minimal understanding of the research project so that the research participants are not overwhelmed.Benefit for the researcher.QUESTION 7.2
Which of the following is a form of harm that might be experienced by research participants?Physical injury.Stress and anxiety.Financial costs.All of the above.QUESTION 10.2
Ethical protocols aim to:a.Shorten the research process.b.Ensure the research is acceptable to the ethics committee.c.Ensure the study findings will be published.d.Protect the rights of participants